刺山柑在吐鲁番地区维吾尔族民间药用价值研究
Medicinal functions of Capparis spinosa L. of Turpan Uyghur folks in Xinjiang
云南民族大学学报:自然科学版,2015,24(2):156-159

买买提江·吐尔逊 MMTJTEX

摘要


刺山柑(capparis spinosa L.)是全世界公认的民间药用植物,具有较高的药用价值.采用民族植物学的关键人物访谈法,对该物种在新疆吐鲁番地区维吾尔族民间的医药作用进行了调研.结果表明,刺山柑的叶、根、根皮、花、果实及种子在民间医药中的处方有3种单方和4种复方.其中的单用刺山柑能治疗风湿病、慢性关节炎及肩周炎;而刺山柑与14种植物混合用的4种复方能治疗11种疾病.初步揭示了刺山柑在吐鲁番维吾尔族的民间处方及医药作用,为新药品及保健品的开发提供理论资料. Capparis spinosa L. is recognized worldwide as an efficient folk medicinal plant. This study has focused on the interviews with the key ethno-botanists there in order to reveal the medicinal functions of Capparis spinosa L. of Turpan Uyghur folks in Xinjiang. The results show that the leaves,roots,root barks,flowers,fruits and seeds of Capparis spinosa L. are found in three simple prescriptions and four compound prescriptions respectively used by the local people. In the three simple prescriptions,Capparis spinosa L. is used for the treatment of rheumatism,omarthritis and acute-chronic arthritis,while in the four compound prescriptions,Capparis spinosa L. plus another 14 medicinal plants is used for the treatment of 11 diseases,which reveals a general application of Capparis spinosa L. as a medicinal plant in this area and provides some theoretical foundation for the development of some new medicines or health products.

参考



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